- How cold does it get in Antarctica?
domestic deep freeze runs at about -20°C. The mean summer temperature on
the great East Antarctica icecap is -30°C and mean winter temperature
around -60°C. The lowest ever temperature recorded was at the Russian
Vostok station, - 89.6°C
- What kinds of plants and animals are there in
There are no trees or bushes at all. There are about 350
species of mostly lichens, mosses, and algae. There are no land based
vertbrate animals in Antarctica. All the vertebrates there are dependent on
the sea for feeding or are migratory and leave the continent when the winter
arrives. The largest truly Antarctic land animals therefore are invertebrates
only a few millimeters in size. These animals, mites, ticks, and nematode
worms tolerate the low temperatures in the winter by becoming frozen in ice
under rocks and stones.
- What is the climate like?
downwards from the interior towards the coast, driven largely by gravity as air
cools and becomes denser over the pole. Blizzards are common, as are
- What is the landscape like?
More than 99% of
Antarctica is covered with ice. This thick cover of ice makes it the highest
of all continents, with an average elevation of about 2300m (7500ft). The
highest point on the continent is Vinson Massif at 4897m (16,076ft). The
lowest point yet found is the Bentley Subglacial Trench at 2499m (8200ft) below
sea level. The ice sheet is very dangerous in places as it is broken up by
great crevasse fields with some cracks hundreds of feet deep.
- Who lives there?
No one permanently. Some
scientists stay for parts of the year or the whole year.
- At what temperature does Jack Daniels freeze?
The freezing point of ethyl alcohol is -117.3°C.
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